Luis Buñuel Biography

Activities Director , Screenwriter , Editor more
Real name Luis Buñuel Portolés
Nationality Spain
Birth February 22, 1900 (Aragon – Spain)
Death July 29, 1983


The filmmaker, Luis Buñuel Portolés, was born on February 22, 1900 in Calanda, Aragon, Spain.

He spent his entire childhood and adolescence in Zaragoza, where he studied in Jesuit schools. He later moved to Madrid and entered the Complutense University, where he met Dalí and Federico García Lorca. Later, he moved to Paris where he worked in theater and it was in 1928 when he made his first short film Un perro andaluz, together with Salvador Dalí, which was a resounding success among the group of surrealists.

In 1930 he directed his first feature film, The Golden Age , which caused a scandal as it attacked the church and the middle class. It was banned until 1980. After the Spanish Civil War he emigrated to the United States, where he worked for the Museum of Modern Art and as a film player for Warner Bros. He moved

to Mexico in the late 1940s and became associated with the producer Óscar Dancigers, drawing international attention with the film Los Olvidados (1950), for which he won the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival. In 1961, General Franco invited him to return to his native country, Buñuel returned and made Viridiana (1961), which was banned in Spain for blasphemy but won the Palme d’Or at the Cannes Film Festival.

Considered one of the most important directors in the history of cinema, his titles include Nazarín (1958), The Exterminating Angel (1962) and The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie (1972), for which he received the Oscar for Best Foreign Film. On July 29, 1983 he died in Mexico City due to the cancer he suffered from.

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